In his first English-language book, The Fourth Political Theory, Russian professor and geo-political theorist Alexander Dugin continues his struggle against the Atlanticist-supported ’global liberal hegemony.’ From a Southern nationalist point of view, there is certainly a great deal to like about the professor’s ideas.
Dugin presents a summary of his thesis in the book’s introduction where he explains that politics today is a thing of the past. Liberalism has completely prevailed against all competing ideologies; nothing now stands against it. By ‘liberalism,’ Dugin explains that he means both its Left and Right forms (encompassing the entire acceptable range of political thought in the West today). As previously explained in detail here on SNN, liberalism was the first of the modern ideologies, and if Dugin is correct, it was also the last, having defeated all others. However, it is now no more. According to Dugin, liberalism ‘always insisted on de-emphasising the importance of politics’ and ‘made the decision to abolish politics completely after its triumph.’ As it did so, it essentially ceased to be, ‘penetrating the very flesh of the social fabric, which became suffused with liberalism and, in turn, it began to seem like the natural order of things.’ Liberalism left behind its ideological form and became a lifestyle based on ‘consumerism, individualism and a postmodern manifestation of the fragmented and sub-political being.’ Dugin goes on to note the great difficulty of those who oppose the present order: ‘Those who do not agree with liberalism find themselves in a difficult situation – the triumphant enemy has dissolved and disappeared; now they are left struggling against the air. How can one engage in politics, if there is no politics?’
The professor’s answer is the title of the book. A fourth political theory is needed to resist liberalism’s global and destructive command over humanity. Dugin declares that the struggle is one against all universalisms and in defence of a multi-polar, culturally-diverse world based on ethnic communities. He makes it clear that he is not proposing a new dogma, but instead ‘a trend comprising a wide spectrum of ideas, researches, analyses, prognoses, and projects. Anyone thinking in this vein can contribute his own ideas.’ Dugin invites us to take up this work in resistance to the status quo, or what he calls ‘global liberal hegemony,’ in a crusade to vanquish post-modernity, liberalism and globalism.